Based on the World Health Organization, several decades back diabetes was an uncommon disease, both in developed and developing countries. Today, the history is unique. It can be currently estimated that more than 143million people worldwide suffer from the condition. This figure is escalating, by 2020 over 220million individuals are supposed to be coping with diabetes, when the current trend continues.
In the usa alone, you will find 18.2 million people (6.3% of your population) experiencing diabetes. While another 13million folks have been clinically determined to have diabetes. Unfortunately, 5.2milion (or nearly 1 / 3rd) are unaware they may have the illness. In western world, most people of diabetes have ended sixty, nevertheless in developing countries, diabetes is located to affect folks their prime.
WHAT IS DIABETES?
Diabetes (or just diabetes) comes from the Greek word ‘Diabeinein’, meaning ‘To pass through’ describing copious urination, and Mellitus from your Latin word meaning ‘Sweetened with honey’. Those two words signify sweetened urine or sugar in urine.
Diabetes can be a disease wherein the body is not going to produce or properly use Insulin. Insulin is actually a hormone that is required, within your body, to regulate the pace where sugar, starch and also other food are transformed into glucose required as energy for everyday life. The hormone is produced and released in to the blood by an organ called ‘Pancreas’. This insulin assist to retain the blood glucose levels level in a normal range. The Globe Health Organization (WHO) puts this normal range between 60 – 100mg/dl (Before taking any food for the day, hence this value is called Fasting Blood Glucose). In health, despite several demands for glucose in different situations, the blood glucose rarely exceeds this value.
After a meal the liver stores the glucose from the meal as glycogen and releases it into the blood in between meals. The role of insulin is the control of this storage and release of glucose. It ensures that the amount of glucose in the blood at every particular time does not go beyond or below the normal range.